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‧人權城市導覽 Kaohsiung Human Rights         Travel Guide
 
‧人權大富翁Explore Human Rights
   Kaohsiung Human Rights Travel Guide
 
二二八高雄中學自衛隊 (228 Self-defense Squadron of Kaohsiung Senior High School)
 
高雄中學創設於1922年,為大高雄地區第一志願男子中學,是高雄歷史最悠久的公立中學。由英國維多利亞時期紅磚建築揉合而成「紅磚折衷式樣」建築,現今仍保存完整造型,紅樓建物裡有拱圈迴廊,為清水磚造建築,為日治時期特色。

1947年爆發二二八事件,當時有許多團體以雄中為據點抵抗國民黨軍隊的入侵,其中之一即為雄中學生以校園維安為目的組織之自衛隊。學生自衛隊隨著事件的擴大而設立,雖經校長林景元及老師勸說,當時的高雄中學學生仍然成立自衛隊,並且有雄工、雄商的學生加入,負責保護學校的安全,同時也隔離保護無辜外省人的安全,並發表「告台灣同胞書」。

當時高雄要塞司令彭孟緝下令攻擊高雄市政府、高雄車站、及雄中等處,雄中學生自組的自衛隊也展開保衛戰;由於武器彈藥不足,和當時的軍隊激戰後死傷慘重,多位學生領袖壯烈成仁,由高雄要塞司令彭孟緝率領的軍隊更調來迫擊砲轟擊雄中,致校園彈痕累累,現今於校園中的紅樓牆面上仍可發現部分當時的彈痕遺蹟。
Kaohsiung Senior High School was established in 1922; besides being the top male high school in the Kaohsiung area, it is also the oldest public high school. The buildings are in Victorian red brick style and were restored very well. The corridors, made of water bricks inside the Red House, are in the Japanese colonial style.

In 1947 when the 228 Incident broke out, many groups took possession of the high school to resist the attack by the KMT army. One of the groups was the self-defense squadron, which was organized by high school students to protect campus security. The squadron was established due to the spreading of the incident regardless of the persuasion from Principal Ling Jing-Yuan and other teachers; furthermore, students from Kaohsiung Professional Innovate and Kaohsiung Commercial High School joined the squadron to maintain the safety of school and to isolate and protect innocent people from other provinces. Afterwards,“A Message to Compatriots in Taiwan”was issued.

Peng, Meng-Ji, the Commander of Kaohsiung at that time commanded that several public places be attacked,including Kaohsiung city government, the train station and Kaohsiung Senior High School, leading the squadron to fight back. Due to a shortage of arms and weapons, the squadron was seriously injured and many students' lives were lost. Peng called in more troops to attack the high schools, leaving several bullet marks around the campus which can still be seen on the wall of Red House.
地址:高雄市三民區建國三路50號
Address: No.50, Jianguo 3rd Rd., Sanmin District, Kaohsiung

交通資訊:公車28、92、93、245、建國幹線、中華幹線、紅27至高雄中學站;捷運高雄車站(R11)1號出口步行約5分鐘
Take City Bus Line 28, 92, 93, 245, Jianguo Line, China Line, or Red 27 to Kaohsiung Senior High School Station, or walk for 5 minutes from MRT to Kaohsiung Main (R11) Station, Exit 1 to the School.
導覽前言(City Guide Explore)
二二八事件-高雄歷史博物館(The 228 Incident-Kaohsiung Museum of History)
鹽埕二二八和平公園 (Yancheng Peace Memorial Park)
壽山二二八紀念碑 (Shoushan 228 Memorial Monument)
岡山二二八和平紀念公園 (Gangshan 228 Peace Memorial Park)
二二八高雄中學自衛隊 (228 Self-defense Squadron of Kaohsiung Senior High School)
旗津勞動女性紀念公園(Cijin Female Labors Memorial Park)
海軍明德訓練班(Ming-Der Disciplinary Camp of the Navy)
台灣無名戰士紀念碑(Monument of Unknown Taiwanese Veterans)
戰爭與和平紀念公園主題館(War and Peace Memorial Park and Theme Hall)
橋頭事件-高雄橋頭火車站、橋頭糖廠站(The Ciaotou Incident-Ciaotou Railway Station & Kaohsiung MRT Ciaotou Sugar Refinery Station)
美麗島/高雄事件-高捷美麗島站(The Formosa /Kaohsiung Incident-Kaohsiung MRT Formosa Boulevard Station)
美麗島/高雄事件-高捷美麗島站之人權廣場 (The Formosa /Kaohsiung Incident – Human Rights Square beside Formosa Boulevard Station)
美麗島/高雄事件-美麗島雜誌社 (The Formosa /Formosa Magazine) 
永安溼地自然公園(Yong-an Wetlands Nature Park)  
後勁文物館(Houjing Cultural Hall)  
黃蝶翠谷(Yellow Butterfly Valley)  
小林望鄉紀念碑(Siaolin Memorial)
朱一貴文化園區(Chu Yi-kuei Culture Park)
殤滾水紀念碑公園(Gunshui Memorial Park)
真愛碼頭.人權宣言(Love Pier: Declaration on Human Rights)
柯旗化故居(The Ke Ci-hua Former Residence)
旗山老街.剝蕉案(Cishan Old Street and the Banana Case)
橋頭事件.余登發故居(The Ciaotou Incident and the Yu Deng Fa House)
中央公園言論廣場(Speakers’ Square, Central Park)
城市光廊.野草莓學運(Urban Spotlight: The Wild Strawberries Movement)
高雄市電影館(Kaohsiung Film Archive)
勞工博物館(Kaohsiung Museum of Labor)
 
人權學堂 ∣Human Rights Learning Studio

位置:高雄捷運O5/R10美麗島穹頂大廳方向往出口9
Position: Kaohsiung MRT 05/R10 Formosa Boulevard Hall Exit 9
郵寄地址:81249高雄市小港區大業北路436號
Address: No. 436, Daye North Rd. Siaogang Dist., Kaohsiung City 81249, Taiwan
電話Tel:886-7-2357559∣傳真Fax:886-7-2351129
Email: hr-learning@ouk.edu.tw